Abortion law

An overview of abortion laws around the world. Find out where it is legal & illegal to terminate a pregnancy. Abortion law permits, prohibits, restricts, & regulates the availability of abortion. The banning of abortion doesnt affect the abortion rates in countries

Almost two-thirds of the world's women currently reside in countries where abortion may be obtained on request for a broad range of social, economic, or personal reasons. Abortion laws vary widely by country. The number of abortions worldwide is declining due to increased access to contraception

Abortion has existed since ancient times, with natural abortifacients being found amongst a wide variety of tribal people and in most written sources. In the 20th century, many Western countries began to codify abortion law or place further restrictions on the practice.

By the mid 20th century, many countries had begun to liberalize abortion laws, at least when performed to protect the life of the woman and in some cases on woman's request. The Soviet Union legalized abortions on request in 1920. n the 1930s, several countries (Poland, Turkey, Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, Mexico) legalized abortion in some special cases

International abortion law

International abortion law

There are no international abortion treaties but human rights law cover abortion indirectly

The American Convention on Human Rights declares human life as commencing with conception

A court ruled that the European Convention on Human Rights did not include a right to an abortion.

In 2005 the UNHRC ordered Peru to compensate a woman for denying her a medically indicated abortion

This was the first time a United Nations had held any country accountable for not ensuring access to safe abortion

The UN HRC also found Ireland's abortion laws violated International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 2016

Unstricted abortion laws

Unstricted abortion laws

Unstricted abortion laws exist in Mozambique, Tunisia, South Africa, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cuba & Cape Verde

China, North Korea, Mongolia, Cambodia, Singapore, Vietnam, Armenia,, Cyprus,, Georgia, Turkey & Luxembourg

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Tajikistan, Austria, Uzbekistan, France, Uruguay, Slovakia & Ukraine

Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Netherlands, Belgium & Switzerland

Denmark, Estonia, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, Ireland, Canada, Mexico , Germany & USA

Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Montenegro, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, & Macedonia

Abortion laws in Europe

Abortion laws in Europe

Abortion is legal Europe except in Malta, Northern Ireland, Vatican City, San Marino, Liechtenstein and Andorra

The other states with existent, but less severe restrictions are Poland and Monaco.

All the remaining states make abortion legal on request or for social and economic reasons during the first trimester.

Most countries in the European Union allow abortion on demand during the first trimester

After the first trimester, abortion is allowed only if it is a risk to woman's life or health or there are fetal defects

Malta is the only EU country that bans abortion in all cases and does not have an exception

Abortion laws in USA

Abortion laws in USA

Abortion is legal in all U.S. states, and every state has at least one abortion clinic

In 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade legalized abortion nationwide

The Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992) said sates cannot place legal restrictions on abortion of a nonviable fetus."

Under Roe v. Wade, states may not prohibit late terminations to preserve the life or health of the mother"

Abortion in the Northern Mariana Islands, a United States Commonwealth territory, is illegal.

Alabama House Republicans passed a law on April 30, 2019 that will criminalize abortion if it goes into effect

Abortion law in South Africa

Abortion law in South Africa

Abortion in South Africa was legal only under very limited circumstances until 1 February 1997

When the Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act (Act 92 of 1996) came into force, providing abortion on demand

Any woman can get an abortion on demand if she is less than 13 weeks pregnant.

If she is between 13 and 20 weeks pregnant, she can get the abortion to save her life or the there are fetal defects

A woman under the age of 18 is advised to consult her parents, but she can decide not to

Nurses who have received special training may also perform abortions up to the 12th week of pregnancy.

Total abortion law ban

Total abortion law ban

There are a few countries were abortion is totally illegal such as Malta, and the Vatican City,

Others include the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Nicaragua

South Korea has a total ban on abortion althoug it was judged "against the constitution".

Some countries have a technical ban on abortion only allowing it to save a womans life

These are Djibouti, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Somalia, South Sudan, Egypt, Libya, Lesotho, Mauritania, & Senegal

Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe

Restrictive abortion laws

Restrictive abortion laws

25% of the world's population lives in countries with "highly restrictive abortion laws" (total ban or allow to save mother)

Countries with restrictive abortion laws include those in Latina America, Africa and Euroean ones like Northern Ireland .

Latin America is the region with the most restrictive abortion laws.

Fewer than 3% of the women in this region live in countries with liberal abortion laws

Exceptions in abortion law

Exceptions in abortion law

Legal domains which do not have abortion on demand will often allow it when the health of the mother is at stake.

Thirteen US states allowed abortion in the case of either rape or incest

Mississippi permitted abortion of pregnancies due to rape, and no state permitted it for just incest.

Many countries allow for abortion only through the first or second trimester in cases of fetal defects

Abortion law in the USA

Abortion law in the USA

Abortion is legal in all U.S. states, and every state has at least one abortion clinic

The U.S. Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade decriminalized abortion nationwide in 1973

The main actors in the abortion debate are most often labeled either as "pro-choice" or "pro-life"

There are roughly 30 abortions for every 1,000 women of reproductive age in the US.